Technical library

Technical library

The Megger technical library provides access to a range of additional content and resources such as technical guides, application notes and more. Use the filters to browse specific content (e.g. application notes) or refine your search to a particular electrical application area. 


If you would like to see the content we have available on a particular subject or need to locate some software, simply enter a search below. Please note, you will need to create an account to access some resources.

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    Showing item(s) 11 - 20 of 40 in total
Standardization of Transformer Protection testing using Smart Testing Equipment
Transformers are critical assets of power system network and their adequate protection is a matter of vital importance. Modern protection relays are usually defined as intelligent electronic device (IED) s, and they provide huge flexibility and enhanced protection features to assure correct operation of the equipment. Transformer protection IEDs are equipped with key features such as differential and restricted earth fault (REF) protection along with several other functionalities as per the guidelines of IEEE C37.91. These functions are available with enhanced facilities such that it can incorporate the difference in phase angle based on vector rotation, ratio correction of current transformers used, interposing CT corrections etc… The increase in flexibility of the IED has also increased the complexity of programming it where a trivial error in the configuration will result in unwarranted operation causing loss of power and reduction of equipment life. 
Published: 12 July 2019
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Testing of complicated bus bar protection using smart testing methodologies
In this paper, protection of a complicated bus arrangement with dual bus coupler and bus sectionalizer using low impedance differential protection applicable for very high voltages like 220kV and 400kV is discussed. In many power generation stations, several operational procedures are implemented to utilize the transfer bus as main bus and to facilitate maintenance of circuit breakers and current transformers (in each section) without shutting down the bay(s).
Published: 12 July 2019
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Influence of Circuit Breaker Maintenance Tests on Busbar Differential Protection Scheme
In this paper, different methods of inhibiting the unwarranted operation of busbar protection relay during the CB testing is discussed with appropriate logics. This paper also focuses on providing proper security for bus faults by implementing relay logics to ensure minimal human intervention (prevention of bus bar blocking, throwing of knife switches for CT secondary shorting etc…) and acceptable modifications to the current protection scheme layout. Various methods are recommended that can be incorporated based on the suitability of the respective system condition. The discussed methods are developed in Intelligent Electronic Devices (IED)s using the advanced logics and algorithms. 
Published: 12 July 2019
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Balance aids noise mitigation
Grounding and ground testing are topics and practices most widely recognized by familiar terms and organizations like Fall of Potential Method, 62 Percent Rule, IEEE and NETA standards and practices, and the National Electric Code® (NEC®). These and other significant contributions to the body of knowledge form the foundation of the subject and its implementation in practice.
Published: 13 June 2019
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Noise Control in Ground Testing
Grounding electrodes are typically buried metal objects; rods, interconnected arrays of rods, plates, grids, and various other designs aimed at putting a sufficient amount of metal in contact with the soil so as to safely and efficiently divert unwanted fault currents out of the electrical system and out of the protected facility. Upon construction, there is generally a ground resistance specification that is not to be exceeded. A performance test is run to assure that the system meets spec.
Published: 7 June 2019
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DFR: A New IEEE Guide for Field Test on Power and Distribution Transformers
The following article is a brief summary of the well-developed IEEE C.57.161-2018 “Guide for Dielectric Frequency Response Test”.  It thoroughly discusses the components and procedures of the guide, and the theories and history behind it. 
Published: 15 April 2019
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The Importance and Benefits of Portable Testing
A Portable Appliance Tester (PAT) is an instrument that is dedicated solely to the safety testing of portable electrical equipment in accordance with recognized national and local standards. Depending on locale, these standards may have been enacted into law. They may be requirements of specific industries or trade organizations, or just a good idea. In many cases, manufacturers of electrical consumer products who wish to export to foreign markets will be required, sometimes by national law, to assure the products have been safety tested. If testing is performed at time of manufacture, it will save money, aggravation and ill will that could result from having the products fail in the destination country. 
Published: 27 March 2018
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Pre-locating faults with alternative method to arc reflection
While the share of installed cables without a jacket generally continues to decrease, the unjacketed cables that remain continue to age. As they do so, it is increasingly likely that a fault will develop on these cables. It can be particularly troublesome to locate faults on unjacketed cables as normal Time Domain Reflectometry, or radar, based fault location techniques often do not work, due to the corrosion of the neutral wires. While there is no guaranteed action that would result in locating the fault, this paper will outline some advanced methods, based on field experience, that can help when locating these types of faults. This paper was an article presented at NETA in 2017 and will discuss the Impulse Current method, which does not rely on the neutral wires being intact, in both a theoretical and practical light. 
Published: 14 February 2018
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Power transformer demagnetization
Abstract-Switching operations and direct current applied during routine testing procedures of static winding resistance measurement leave residual magnetization in the core and/or fully saturate the core of the transformer.
Published: 22 November 2017
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The characteristics of insulation resistance
During recent years a great deal of valuable research work has been done to increase our knowledge of the properties of insulating materials, yet notwithstanding the progress so made the natural laws governing insulation resistance are but little understood.
Published: 2 November 2017
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  • Showing item(s) 11 - 20 of 40 in total